Active Ingridient: Ciprofloxacin
Brand Name: Ciloxan
Generic Name: Ziflox
Diseases: Eye/Ear Infections
Dosage: 0.3% 5 ml solution
Ciloxan Eye Drop Information
|Ciloxan eye drops 0.3% 5ml|
In most cases, people tolerate this medication well. However, possible side effects can include eye burning, redness, and itching. Reactions to this medicine tend to be minor and are typically easy to treat.
Before using the ointment or eye drops, make sure to review the safety information for Ciloxan with your healthcare provider. This drug may not be suitable for everyone, so make sure your healthcare provider is aware if you have any other medical conditions (including any allergies) or if you are taking any other types of medicine.
Ciloxan eye drops use the main ingredient ciprofloxacin to treat bacterial eye infections that are caused by certain types of bacteria. The drug is known as a quinolone antibiotic, which basically means that it works to kill the bacteria by ceasing the production of proteins that the bacteria need to survive. Those who are allergic to the ingredients in this product or other similar products, such as levofloxacin, should not use Ciloxan eye drops or any ciprofloxacin product. This medication has also been known to interact with other drugs or medical conditions, so people should talk to their doctor before using Ciloxan eye drops for any bacterial infection.
Before Using Ciloxan
In deciding to use a medicine, the risks of taking the medicine must be weighed against the good it will do. This is a decision you and your doctor will make. For this medicine, the following should be considered:
Tell your doctor if you have ever had any unusual or allergic reaction to this medicine or any other medicines. Also tell your health care professional if you have any other types of allergies, such as to foods, dyes, preservatives, or animals. For non-prescription products, read the label or package ingredients carefully.
Use is not recommended in infants and children up to 2 years of age (ophthalmic ointment) and 1 year of age (ophthalmic solution). In children older than 1 or 2 years of age, this medicine is not expected to cause different side effects or problems than it does in adults.
Many medicines have not been studied specifically in older people. Therefore, it may not be known whether they work exactly the same way they do in younger adults or if they cause different side effects or problems in older people. There is no specific information comparing use of ophthalmic ciprofloxacin in the elderly with use in other age groups.
Studies in women suggest that this medication poses minimal risk to the infant when used during breastfeeding.
Ciloxan Dosage for Conjunctivitis
The standard dosage of Ciloxan liquid eye drop to treat bacterial conjunctivitis (commonly called pink eye) is one or two drops in the infected eye every two hours while awake for two days, and then one to two drops every four hours while awake for five more days.
The standard dosing of Ciloxan eye ointment to treat bacterial conjunctivitis is a ?-inch ribbon applied to the infected eye three times a day for two days, then two times a day for five more days.
When using Ciloxan for conjunctivitis, the medication should be inserted into the conjunctival sac. This is the space between the eyelids and the eye. You can access the conjunctival sac by pulling down the lower eyelid gently with your finger to form a pocket. Insert or apply the medication into this pocket.
Ciloxan Dosage for Corneal Ulcer
When treating a corneal ulcer, Ciloxan eye drops are dosed very frequently, especially in the first couple of days of treatment. The standard Ciloxan dose on day one is two drops into the affected eye every 15 minutes for the first six hours, and then two drops every 30 minutes for the remainder of the day. The dose is then reduced to two drops every hour on day two, and two drops every four hours on days 3 through 14.
If you miss a dose of this medicine, take it as soon as possible. However, if it is almost time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your regular dosing schedule. Do not double doses.
Interactions with Food/Tobacco/Alcohol
Certain medicines should not be used at or around the time of eating food or eating certain types of food since interactions may occur. Using alcohol or tobacco with certain medicines may also cause interactions to occur. The following interactions have been selected on the basis of their potential significance and are not necessarily all-inclusive.
Using this medicine with any of the following may cause an increased risk of certain side effects but may be unavoidable in some cases. If used together, your doctor may change the dose or how often you use this medicine, or give you special instructions about the use of food, alcohol, or tobacco.
Common Side Effects of Ciloxan
Ciloxan has been studied extensively in clinical trials. In these studies, the side effects that occurred in a group of people who received Ciloxan were carefully documented. Because very little of this medication is absorbed into the bloodstream, most of the side effects are localized to the eye.
The most commonly reported side effect of Ciloxan was burning or discomfort in the eye. Other common side effects included:
The presence of a white, crystal-like substance in the eye -- in up to 17 percent of people
Crusty eyelids - up to 10 percent
Eye itching - up to 10 percent
Feeling like something is in the eye - up to 10 percent
Eye redness - up to 10 percent
Unpleasant taste - up to 10 percent
Problems with the cornea - up to 2 percent.
The white, crystal-like substance generally went away on its own and did not cause people to stop using Ciloxan.
Uncommon Side Effects
Some Ciloxan side effects reported in clinical trials were very rare. Because they occurred so infrequently, it is difficult to tell if they were due to the medication or something else. Uncommon side effects that occurred in less than 1 percent of people included:
- Blurred vision or other vision problems
- Staining of the cornea
- Dry eyes
- Eye pain or irritation
- Eye inflammation
- Sensitivity to light
Store the medicine in a closed container at room temperature, away from heat, moisture, and direct light. Keep from freezing.
Keep out of the reach of children.
Do not keep outdated medicine or medicine no longer needed.
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Precautions While Using Ciloxan
If your eye infection does not improve within a few days, or if it becomes worse, check with your doctor.
This medicine may cause your eyes to become more sensitive to light than they are normally. Wearing sunglasses and avoiding too much exposure to bright light may help lessen the discomfort.